Honestly, S.D., Hearn, E. (2014). Does compensation for losers increase support for trade? An experimental test of buried liberalism undermines the thesis. External analysis., 10 (2), 149-164. Ehrlich, S.D. (2010). The challenge of fair trade to integrated liberalism. International Studies Quarterly., 54 (4), 1013-1033. In Britain, free trade became a central principle practiced by the repeal of the maize laws in 1846. The League of The Anti-Corn Law was sponsored by the Anti-Corn League. Under the Nanjing Treaty, China opened five contract ports for world trade in 1843. The first free trade agreement, the Cobden-Chevalier Treaty, was put into force in 1860 between Great Britain and France, resulting in successive agreements between other European countries.  Stokes, Bruce.
“Most people in the world support the theory of globalization, but many question it in practice.” PEW Research Center. Access to 20 June 2018: www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/09/16/most-of-the-world-supports-globalization-in-theory-but-many-question-it-in-practice/ An overwhelming number of people internationally – both in developed and developing countries – support trade with other countries, but it is more divided on whether they think trade creates jobs, raises wages and lowers prices.  The media belief in advanced economies is that trade increases wages, 31 percent of people think they do, compared to 27 percent who think they do. In emerging countries, 47 per cent of people think that trade increases wages, compared to 20 per cent who say it lowers wages. There is a positive correlation of 0.66 between the average GDP growth rate for the years 2014 to 2017 and the percentage of people in a given country who say that trade increases wages.  Most people, both in industrialized and emerging countries, believe that trade increases prices. 35 per cent of people in developed countries and 56 per cent in emerging countries think that trade increases prices, and 29 per cent and 18 per cent think that trade lowers prices. Those with a higher level of education are more likely to believe that trade drives down prices.  The evidence indicates that the factor model is most appropriate to explain individual attitudes towards trade, both in the United States and globally (Scheve and Slaughter 2001; 2013. Mansfield and Mutz (2009) argue for sociotropic macro-economic factors. Postnikov, E., Bastiaens, I.
(2014). Does the dialogue work? The effectiveness of labour standards in preferential EU trade agreements. Journal of European Public Policy., 21 (6), 923-940. Bastiaans, I., Postnikov, E. Social standards in trade agreements and free trade preferences: an empirical survey. Organ Rev Int 15, 793-816 (2020). doi.org/10.1007/s11558-019-09356-y Together, these agreements mean that, according to the government, about half of all goods entering the United States enter duty-free. The average import duty on industrial products is 2%. Free trade policy has not been as popular with the general public.
Key issues include unfair competition from countries where lower labour costs are reducing prices and the loss of well-paying jobs for producers abroad. Studies indicate that attitudes towards free trade do not necessarily reflect the individuals` own interests.   The Global Enabling Trade Report measures the factors, policies and services that facilitate cross-border trade in goods and destinations. The index summarizes four sub-indexes, namely market access; Border management Transportation and communication infrastructure and the business environment. In 2016, the 30 countries and territories of the countries and territories were: More educated people enjoy greater trade support (Hiscox and Hainmueller 2006) and highly skilled people feel less economically secure than low-skilled people (Walter 2017). Hiscox, M. J. (2006). Through a glass and dark: attitudes towards international trade and the strange effects of the design of themes.